An introduction to web accessibility. Tips on how to improve the accessibility of your web sites and apps with CSS.
… a lot of things have changed and CSS now gives us an incredible set of tools to style the web. We went from Verdana to Webfonts, from fixed widths to Responsive Web Design, from table-based layouts to Grid, and we don’t have to use images anymore for borders, fonts or shadows. We have custom properties, Feature Queries, calc() and numerous new units. This of course is only a subset of the great developments of the last years.
While this wide range of properties and endless ways of solving tasks with CSS makes our lives easier, it also creates the potential to worsen the experience for our users. It’s actually possible to make a website inaccessible in just three lines of CSS.
In this post I’ve collected techniques, considerations and approaches that will help you write more accessible CSS. The collection starts with basic concepts and well-known properties and covers some of the newer stuff at the end.
In the end it got way bigger than expected, so here’s a handy menu so you can jump directly to a section that interests you the most:
Last month in my post Source Order Matters I wrote about why we need to consider how the source order of the HTML of a page can affect users when the CSS re-orders the content visually. While I used a recipe as an analogue and cited WCAG conformance rules,I failed to provide specific examples. I prepared one for my talk at Accessibility Camp Toronto, but have since expanded on it with more examples.
I want to make sure that we all understand that the source order versus display order discussion is not unique to CSS Flexbox. It is not unique to CSS Grids. Many developers have been dealing with this (correctly and incorrectly) since CSS floats and absolute positioning were introduced (and even earlier with tabled layouts). As such, I have examples of each in this post (no tabled layouts).
Cascading Style Sheets, or CSS, allow you to modify characteristics of existing HTML elements. All web browsers have a built-in style sheet that defines the default styling for all elements. For instance, when the browser sees the tag, it knows to skip a line and start a new section because that’s what the built-in style sheet instructs it to do. The , , and every other HTML tag is defined in this style sheet; their size, color, position, and other characteristics are all defined within it. When a page author defines their own styles, they can override this built-in style sheet and tell the browser to display elements in a different way.
Left-handed people are surrounded by items that aren’t designed for them. Scissors, golf clubs, desks, video game controllers: it’s a right-hander’s world, and it’s annoying that they don’t take your needs into account.
But imagine moving from annoyed to frustrated, because a product is completely unusable. That’s what it feels like to use the Internet if you have a disability. What acts as a small speed bump for some can feel like a mountain to those with disabilities.
“But what can I do?” you ask. “Accessibility has to be designed and coded.”
True. But it doesn’t stop there. Accessibility is about your image alt text, header design, closed captioning, and other little things that anyone can add to their blog posts, websites, and videos. It’ll make your content more accessible, for everyone—even search engines.
Here’s how you can play a role in making the web a more accessible place, and optimize your content for everyone.
The Mac stays one of essentially the most obtainable platforms lately, with options to serve all wishes.
Computers will have to be for everybody, and that comes with the ones with bodily impairments, whether or not or not it’s to their sight, listening to, or motor serve as. Apple strives to create merchandise and instrument which can be as obtainable as conceivable to as many of us as conceivable. Here’s how you’ll arrange accessibility options on Mac to cause them to paintings for you and your wishes.
How to permit VoiceOver on Mac
For the visually impaired, VoiceOver is a handy gizmo that reads out what is on the display screen and likewise permits you to know what your mouse is over in order that you do not click on the unsuitable factor.
How to permit VoiceOver on Mac ^(https://www.appleglory.com/how-enable-voiceover-mac)
How to make use of Zoom on Mac
If you might have bother studying textual content on your Mac or wish to see portions of your display screen in larger element, then you’ll permit the Zoom serve as, which mainly provides a magnifying glass on your display screen. You can transfer it round and keep an eye on the zoom on your center’s content material.
How to make use of Zoom on Mac ^(https://www.appleglory.com/how-use-zoom-mac)
How to switch the glance of closed captions on Mac
Closed captions can paintings to let you know what is being stated in movies on your Mac. If the manner or dimension of closed captions is not operating for you, you’ll alternate them up to fit your wishes.
How to switch the glance of closed captions on Mac ^(https://www.appleglory.com/how-change-look-closed-captions-mac)
There’s no Home button on the iPhone X. This means you need to relearn more than a dozen new gestures. Maybe you don’t like some of them. Maybe they’re a bit too awkward for you, at least for now. If you’re looking for a stop gap, you’ll find the answer in AssistiveTouch. Apple’s accessibility feature essentially behaves as a software home button that can do a lot more than just take you home.
Once AssistiveTouch is enabled and set up, you can assign 3D Touch and long press shortcuts to the floating on-screen button. And when you tap on it, several shortcuts will show up – including things like accessing Siri, App Switcher, taking a Screenshot and more.
The 3 steps to get a virtual Home button on your iPhone X are as follows:
A mobile application is a medium where a user can get all the information related to your services and products. Here, UI (User Interface) and UX (User Experience) part plays an important role. It can help you to increase the acceptability of an app. Accordingly, it increases the usability of an application will inflate the accessibility.
To increase the usability of an application, you need to take care of a couple of things that are mentioned below.
“The internet is, in essence, broken,” said Todd Bankofier, the CEO of accessibility software company AudioEye. Last week the company announced a partnership with web design firm Dealer Inspire, which makes customer-facing sites for auto retailers, to implement AudioEye’s Ally Toolbar across their entire portfolio.
The move “expands our reach immediately, making it much more efficient to continue our mission to make the most expansive infrastructure in the world accessible to everyone,” Bankofier added.
Even the most well-meaning brand leaders and site designers have too narrow a view of what constitutes disability, he said. It’s not just people who are blind, deaf, or use wheelchairs: people with autism, PTSD, visual impairment, epilepsy, dyslexia or colorblindness all have different needs for digital access. AudioEye’s Ally Toolbar takes all these users into account and allows a person to select precisely the site they need to see.
21 Chrome Extensions for Struggling Students and Special Needs
Technology can be a powerful tool to assist students with special needs or any sort of learning challenge. In particular the Chrome web browser allows users to install a wide variety of web extensions that provide tools that can help all learners, regardless of ability level.In this blog post we will take a look at 21 Chrome web extensions that can assist students in five main categories: Text to Speech, Readability, Reading Comprehension, Focus, Navigation
Some of the tools fit into more than one topic, but each is only listed once. Certainly this list does not cover all of the useful web extensions available for struggling learners, but it is a great place to begin. In addition to the list of extension, I have also linked in the video and help guide from a webinar I did a while back on “Google Tools for Special Needs”.
This page helps you start to assess the accessibility of a web page. With these simple steps, you can get an idea whether or not accessibility is addressed in even the most basic way.
These checks cover just a few accessibility issues and are designed to be quick and easy, rather than definitive. A web page could seem to pass these checks, yet still have significant accessibility barriers. More robust assessment is needed to evaluate accessibility comprehensively.
This page provides checks for the following specific aspects of a web page. It also provides guidance on Next Steps and links to more evaluation resources.